Periodontal (gum) disease has plagued humans since the beginning of human history. And while dental health has improved significantly over the years, the facts remain clear that millions of Americans suffer from gum disease and probably don't even know they 're having a problem. This is because most often periodontal disease occurs without signs or indications that, even if present, most people prefer to dismiss or overlook.
Thus, here's a clear idea of the 4 stages of gum disease that might help you spot it before it gets worse:
The first stage of gum disease is Gingivitis or gums inflammation, without loss of bone. While in the absence of good oral hygiene, nearly all people will develop gingivitis, while only 10 to 15 percent of them will develop more advanced stages of the disease.
Stage 2: Initial Periodontitis
With this stage, gingivitis advances into the deeper periodontal structures — the tissues that connect the teeth to the bone resulting in early or initial bone loss. About 10 percent of the population develops full-blown periodontitis that results in drastic bone loss.
Stage 3: Mild Periodontitis
The third stage of gum disease results in significant bone loss (20 to 50 per cent) of the teeth's root surfaces due to continued tissue and bone destruction. Periodontal disease is "cyclical"—it goes through cycles with activity bursts, followed by a period in which the body is attempting to recover. This is known as frustrated healing or chronic inflammation.
Stage 4: Progressive Periodontitis
There is significant bone loss (50 to 85 per cent) from the root of the tooth in the final stage of gum disease. This stage involves teeth looseness, shifting teeth, red, swollen and painful gums, often forming an abscess. The end result — eating and even smiling is hard and painful, and you may lose most of your teeth.
However, it's important for you to know that all of this is preventable with regular oral hygiene and routine oral cleaning at the dental clinic. Most patients who develop gum disease have never been to the dentist for a routine check up and cleaning.
However, if gum disease does happen to occur to you, do not panic. It is perfectly treatable if it's in its initial stages. Thus, if you suspect gum disease, get the best gum disease treatment dentist in Oklahoma City OK near you for a treatment.